Finland did no… The surface area of Finland is 338,432 km², which includes the land and inland water areas. (Ulla Engberg/Radio Sweden), Närpes Majorettes on stage as Finland's 100th anniversary is celebrated in Stockholm. Most of the laws from the time of the Swedish rule remained in force. This was a result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, where Eastern Poland, the Baltic states, and Finland constituted territory that fell under the Soviet sphere of influence. The “Tandem Forest Values” projects aim to produce high-quality research and expertise. Finland is located in Northern Europe in the Baltic Sea region. Finland had independent chiefdoms but apparently no central authority before being conquered by Sweden in mediaeval times. The Finns, however, experienced no easy transition to independence, but rather endured a bloody civil war between their own leftist Reds and rightist Whites. Histor y: Finland was settled already around 200 BC. We provide high quality solutions for our valued customers through personalized craftsmanship and all our staff are highly dedicated to serve you. Existing research groups at universities and institutes can apply for the funding. Finland was under Swedish rule from 1249 until 1809, when Tsar Alexander I’s army took control of Finland at the close of the Finnish War (1808 – 1809), a war fought between Sweden and Russia. More than a century of Russian rule in Finland ended in 1917. For more news from Sweden visit Radio Sweden. Do you want to report an error or a typo? Juhannus is celebrated on the Saturday falling between June 20th and 26th. Johan Strang, professor of Nordic Studies at Helsinki University, described a kind of asymmetrical relationship between the two countries. Required fields are marked *. At the time of writing, the Covid-19 death toll was 405 in Norway, 506 in Finland … Finland gained its independence on 6 December 1917. Economy. However in September 1808 the Russians won a decisive victory at Oravainen. In 12th century invaded by the Swedes and christianised. Earlier this year, Nordic heads of state visited Finland to celebrate the country's independence in its centenary. Many Finns and Finnish Swedes that Radio Sweden interviewed mentioned a kind of sibling rivalry between the two countries. Finland then became The Grand Duchy of Finland, an autonomous body within the Russian empire. INDEPENDENCE AND THE INTERWAR ERA, 1917-39. Its goal was to execute independence as soon as possible. So, when the note proposing consultations arrived in Helsinki on Oct. 30, 1961, it was generally interpreted as a warning to Germany, Denmark, Norway and Sweden (less) that their actions threatened Finnish independence. Russia captured the region of Finland from Sweden in 1808–1809. forest@forestindustries.fi, Sweden celebrates Finland’s 100 years of independence with a substantial investment into forest bioeconomy research, The Board of Directors and Executive Committee 2020, Updated Mission for Global Forest and Paper Industry – ICFPA focuses on innovation and sustainability, CEPI 2016 key statistics: The European pulp and paper industry’s performance in 2016. No, really., blog by Heather Exner-Pirot, Finland: Russia, Finland leaders talk defence, environment and possible US sanctions, Yle News, Norway: ‘Time for new buildings’: Norway border police faces rise in traffic from Russia, The Independent Barents Observer, Russia: Putin signs law easing cross-border cooperation with Norway and Finland, The Independent Barents Observer, Sweden: Dozens of asylum seekers march from Lapland into Sweden border town, Yle News, United States: With Trump ending DACA program, uncertainty looms for Alaska’s few ‘dreamers’, Alaska Dispatch News. Finland’s neighbouring countries are Russia (east), Norway (north), Sweden (west) and Estonia (south). In World War One, the Finnish had to defend themselves from the Russian Empire and eventually won independence, with approval from Lenin’s Revolutionary Russia. The Russians invaded Finland on 21 February 1808. Finland (East Sweden) was a part of Sweden for 700 years. “With Sweden announcing a so-called NATO option, like Finland, we strengthen security in our immediate region.” Fellow Nordic nations Norway, Denmark and Iceland are NATO members. It borders Russia to the east, Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest and the Gulf of Finland to the south with Estonia on the opposite direction. The Russians captured a fortress at Sveaborg in May but the Swedish-Finnish army won a victory at Lapua in July. This year, it is 100 years ago that Finland broke off from Russian rule and declared its independence, a fact that is celebrated in Finland, but also in Sweden. FI-00170 HELSINKI tel. Poirier’s Revenge – The map of Canada has the wrong Arctic boundaries. Närpes Majorettes performing in Stockholm. Finland Independence Day December 6 Sweden and Russia contended for Finland for almost 700 years. The First World War had weakened the Russian Empire, and consequently, the Finnish military activists were offered the possibility to get military training in Germany, a hostile state … What is the history of Finland’s Independence Day? The Finnish Declaration of Independence (Finnish: Suomen itsenäisyysjulistus; Swedish: Finlands självständighetsförklaring; Russian: Провозглашение независимости Финляндии) was adopted by the Parliament of Finland on 6 December 1917. It declared Finland an independent nation, ending its autonomy within Russia as the Grand Principality of Finland, with reference to a bill simultaneously delivered to the Parliament to make Finland an independent republic instead. “It is in the heritage and the attitudes, but I think it is changing with the younger generation,” said Jussi’s friend Aleksi Lehmus. With Germany’s defeat in the war, however, General Mannerheim was designated regent, with the task of submitting a proposal for a new constitution. Existing research groups at universities and institutes can apply for the funding. Starting from 1899, Russia tightened its grip on the Grand Duchy of Finland. Canada: Poirier’s Revenge – The map of Canada has the wrong Arctic boundaries. Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. For Finland and the forest industry, it is ideal that Sweden honours Finland with a gift that strengthens the forest bioeconomy, helps further develop renewable wood resources, and, importantly, results in new expertise. COVID-19 testing will be made available at Norway’s cross-border roads with Finland at Tana (Polmak/Nourgam), Karasjok (Karigasniemi) and Kautokeino (Kivilompolo). FINNISH FOREST INDUSTRIES Pehr Evind Svinhufvud formed a Senatewhich started on 27 November 1917. After the establishment of Finland's independence and the appearance of the Republic in 1919, nationalist creeds in Finland meant primarily the love of country, the maintenance of freedom and independence, and the building of a body politic and a social system that would meet the needs of free men in a democratically governed country. Additional to Neiden, the five other crossings are remote roads between Norway and Sweden in the south and airports with few international arrivals like Narvik Evenes airport. During World War II, Finland successfully defended its independence through cooperation with Germany and resisted subsequent invasions by the Soviet Union - … Finland was part of Sweden for 700 … Netiquette », Your email address will not be published. On December 6, 1917, Parliament approved the declaration of independence drawn up by the Senate under the leadership of P.E. The Nordic country had been under Swedish and Russian rule before its declaration of independence. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. During the 18th century Sweden was declining and Russia was growing m… The projects will be realised as bilateral research collaborations and one requirement is that the research be carried out in both Finland and Sweden. From 1809 until independence in 1917, it was part of the Russian Empire. The Emperor of Russia, Alexander I gave Finland the status of a Grand Duchy. The country became independent in 1917 following 108 years as an autonomous Grand Duchy in the Russian Empire. “Maybe it is because of the history, but we Finns are always trying to prove that we are as good as Swedes on different things,” said Jussi Isotalo, who had come to Stockholm with a group of friends to visit a friend who is studying in Sweden. The Senate returned to the Parliament with a Declaration of Independence and proposal for a new republican Instrument of Government on 4 December. 1918 - Bitter civil war, which leads to some 30,000 deaths. The two countries share a unique natural resource – boreal coniferous forests. Note: By submitting your comments, you acknowledge that Radio Canada International has the right to reproduce, broadcast and publicize those comments or any part thereof in any manner whatsoever. (Ulla Engberg/Radio Sweden), Jussi Isotalo, Oula Mikkola, Juho Seppänen and Aleksi Lehmus from Finland are visiting Stockholm and their friend Aarne, who studies here. When the Civil War ended, it was decided, during the summer of 1918, to make Finland a monarchy, and in October the German prince Frederick Charles of Hessen was chosen as king. Snellmaninkatu 13 The Finnish Jäger movement had a crucial military influence on Finland’s struggle for independence. Radio Canada International does not endorse any of the views posted. It was first a province and later Grand Duchy of Sweden. Sweden’s research funding gift will be half financed by the private sector while the public sector will provide the other half. The reason behind its creation was to free Finland from the Russian yoke by force. The currency of Finland is the euro. In honour of Finland’s 100th anniversary, Sweden is giving Finland a substantial sum, SEK 24 million, for forest bioeconomy research. Russia, Finland leaders talk defence, environment and possible US sanctions, ‘Time for new buildings’: Norway border police faces rise in traffic from Russia, Putin signs law easing cross-border cooperation with Norway and Finland, Dozens of asylum seekers march from Lapland into Sweden border town, With Trump ending DACA program, uncertainty looms for Alaska’s few ‘dreamers’, Northern lights to be seen across Finland – if clouds clear. However, Russia moved the capital to Helsinki because Turku/ Åbo ... c. 4,000 Finns fought in the Estonian War of Independence), have all taken a bite of the nation’s well-being. The Republic of Finland is a country found in northern Europe with a population of approximately 5 million. In addition to the Swedish government, the following are taking part in the donation: the Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, the Kempe Foundations, the Forestry Research Institute of Sweden, as well as the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry. The country was part of the Kingdom of Sweden from the … At the end of January 1918, the left-wing parties staged a coup, and the government was forced to flee Helsinki. Your email address will not be published. The funding period spans two years. Your comments will be pre-moderated and published if they meet netiquette guidelines. 1917 - The Russian Revolution allows Finland to declare its independence. A total of 12 research positions will be funded; four for sustainable forest management research and eight for research into new forest industry products and processes. In December 1917 Finland proclaimed its independence. The first call is planned for Finland’s Independence Day in December 2017. During the Russian rule, Finland became a special region developed by order of the Emperor. The Tsarist Empire took it off Sweden during the Napoleonic Wars. The ensuing Civil War ended in May with victory for the government troops, led by General Gustaf M… In the 17th and 18th century Russians claimed the territory and Finland was made an autonomous Grand Duchy of Russia. Itsenäisyyspäivä – Independence Day Finland’s Independence Day on 6 December is all about commemorating those who lost theirs lives fighting for the country’s independence, both in WWI and WWII. The Finnish nationalist movement grew in the 1800s, and when the Bolsheviks took over Russia on November 7, 1917, the Finns saw a time to declare their independence. It gained complete independence in 1917. The official languages spoken in Finland are Finnish and Swedish. (Ulla Engberg/Radio Sweden), Eila Korhonen and Ulla Kallio have lived in Sweden for many years. Recently, people flocked to Stockholm’s Sergels Torg for a festival to honour the centennial. Furthermore, Finland and Sweden both have strong bioeconomy expertise. No, really. +358 913 261 Finland cancels Independence Day ball, asks people to celebrate from sofa instead 29.9.2020 Independence Day celebrations begin in Hämeenlinna and Helsinki, overshadowed by pandemic 6.12.2020 Researchers: Young women politicians face pressure over looks and photos 12.1.2020 Finland celebrates 102nd Independence Day 6.12.2019 Swedish troops then abandoned Finland and left to their own devices the Finns made peace with the Tsar. The projects will be realised as bilateral research collaborations and one requirement is that the research be carried out in both Finland and Sweden. Before 1809, the area that is now Finland had been under Swedish rule since at least the 13th century. Besides being neighbors, Sweden and Finland have a special bond, because for several hundred years, they belonged to the same country. They think Swedish people don't know much about Finland. The long-term research collaboration that is now initiated provides a starting point for many opportunities towards a more sustainable bioeconomy. For many centuries it had been controlled by its powerful neighbours, Sweden and Russia. (Ulla Engberg/Radio Sweden). Finland’s independence was respected until November 1939, when the Soviet Union attacked Finland. The first call is planned for Finland’s Independence Day in December 2017. After Russia was taken over by the Bolsheviks in November 1917 Parliament issued a declaration of independence for Finland on December 6, 1917, which was recognized by Lenin and his government on the last day of the year. Starting in 1809 and up to independence, Finland formed an autonomous grand duchy in the Russian Empire. Svinhufvud (1861–1944).At the same time, the breach between the parties of the left and the right had become irreconcilable. Finland was part of Sweden from the 12th century. This year, it is 100 years ago that Finland broke off from Russian rule and declared its independence, a fact that is celebrated in Finland, but also in Sweden. The Finnish people lived under Russian control beginning in 1809. Yet in recent weeks, Sweden has suffered spiralling infection rates, suggesting the more sober responses of its three Nordic neighbours may provide more useful lessons to the wider world. Sweden lost Finland as a mandatory part of Russia in 1809. 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