The revolutionaries, incited by Archelaus' massacre, were led by Judas the son of Hezekiah (whom Herod the Great had illegally put to death), and they destroyed as much Herodian property as possible until Roman troops ended their rampage. he said to his advisers, “This must be John the Baptist raised from the dead! Herod Antipas was an “insignificant person” and he had no control over Yeshua to carry out threats upon Him. * *1) The real character of the Fox* A Fox symbolizes mischief, opportunity, playfulness, agility, cleverness, wisdom, beauty, luck, curiosity, charm and physical and mental responsiveness. Archelaus undoubtedly considered his argument irrefutable: Herod clearly made him king. It was an artifice of Herod … Why? There are four different rulers referred to as Herod in the New Testament as well as Herod Philip II, who is referred to as Philip the tetrarch. March 19, 2019; by Maggie Gillespie; Luke 13:31-35. herod the fox; cun-ning, cowardly, cruel. Intrigued by John the Baptist and Jesus of Nazareth – Jesus called him ‘that fox’. . He called him “the Fox”! Herod Antipas: 'That Fox' Article by Staff. '” (Luke 13:32). In terms of governance, he seems to have taken a page from Herod's example, placating whichever group needed to be appeased to keep the peace. From the first Herodian ruler, Antipater, to Herod the Great's sons, the Herods were voracious for political power and desired approval by and friendship with their Roman rulers at any cost. Answer: The name Herod comes up again and again in the New Testament from Matthew 1 to Acts 26. His greatest flaw was his lack of character, and as this study will show, this failing was his undoing. Jesus saw straight through Antipas: The tetrarch used his intellect and power for personal gain, even if it meant putting a righteous man to death to smooth relations between himself and his spouse. For example, Antipas' heavy taxation of Galilee created a gaping divide between economic classes: The rich—who were very wealthy—lived far better than the poor, with no middle-class as we would understand it today. Archelaus chose to deal with the revolt by killing 3,000 Jews on Passover. Antipas became enamored of Herodias and asked for her hand in marriage, and she accepted on the condition that Antipas divorce the Nabatean princess. The events leading to his downfall were all caused by his own actions. Then Herod engages in an interrogation to which Jesus refuses to respond, most likely because Antipas—"that fox"—asked questions in such a way that, if answered, would entrap Jesus. The metaphor here was in the opprobrious epithet applied to Herod Antipas — "that fox." Herod Antipas, “That Fox” KING Herod the Great on his deathbed made a new will, as already noted, in which he left half of his dominion to his son Archelaus, and one fourth each to his sons Philip and Herod Antipas. Evidently it expressed, and was meant to express, that the Lord Jesus saw through and despised the cunning wiles of the Tetrarch. Antipas was not, however, as ruthless nor as paranoid as his father. Dear Ladies and Gentlemen: I have been wondering why Jesus told the Pharisees “Go and tell that fox for me . Why call Herod… The historian Josephus tells us that her family was from Jerusalem. . However, while the brothers were abroad, the Jews' began a revolution that destroyed several cities (two of which Antipas would later rebuild), and the trouble did not end until Varus Sabinus, the Roman procurator of Syria, intervened. Roman historians record that Antipas approached the emperor's throne as Gaius was reading Agrippa's letter. Today, now. They were accompanied by Philip's wife, Herodias, who, as the daughter of Herod the Great's first wife's son, Aristobulus, was both Philip's and Antipas' niece. When he learned that Jesus was under Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time. In The Gospel According to Luke (13:32), Jesus is reported as having referred to him with contempt as “that fox.” To Pilate, Antipas would have been better suited to weigh the merits of the case. Before his death, Herod the Great had written numerous wills, appointing different sons to different offices in each will. Lo! A fox is a small, weak, wily animal that lives by cunning rather than strength. Jesus appeared before Antipas in Jerusalem, for the tetrarch was in the capital for Passover. Pilate must have known about Herod Antipas’ longstanding wish to meet Jesus – and that Antipas was in the capital for Passover. No, Jesus is actually insulting him, for a fox is an unclean animal in the Israelite holiness codes. His title TETRARCH means: Ruler of … Perhaps, not believing Jesus was guilty (Luke 23:14), he sent Jesus to Antipas because he did not want the guilt of wrongfully condemning an innocent Man. The fox is an insignificant or base person, in contrast to the lion. Antipas' marriage to the Nabatean princess won the favor of Aretas, but more important to Antipas, he gained security. To Yeshua, Herod Antipas was “a fox”, or a lesser person of moral and spiritual authority and furthermore Yeshua was not worried about threats coming from Herod. Herod also faced an adversary in the person of Cleopatra, the famous queen of Egypt, but his craftiness enabled him to maintain his independence from her. From a derivative of the same as aer; properly, fresh, i.e. Herod was not a man worthy of trust or respect. the analogous forms of Exodus 5:14; Hosea 6:2), an interval of very short duration, and then "I am perfected." Antipas again shows his true character in Luke's short passage. Herod was successful in ingratiating himself to the Romans. Foxes are proverbially associated with cleverness and craftiness. The incident occurred near the intersection of Highway 22 and Highway 31 at approximately 4 p.m. on Jan. 12, WBTW […] Herod the Great, the only one of the Herods to be formally designated ‘king’. After both of his expectations fail to materialize, Antipas "treated Him with contempt and mocked Him." Agrippa accrued so much debt growing up in Rome that Tiberius, who must have seen him as a parasite, forced him to return to Palestine. (Tetrarch is a Greek title given to governors of some Roman provinces.). Then Herod engages in an interrogation to which Jesus refuses to respond, most likely because Antipas—"that fox"—asked questions in such a way that, if answered, would entrap Jesus. There can be hardly any doubt that Yeshua was putting King Herod right back in his place. River City Church of Pittsburgh Sermon - Herod the Fox. Herodias also took great offense, hating John from then on. Very noteworthy in connection with this passage is the prominence given to the verb throughout the Epistle to the Hebrews, as, e.g., in Hebrews 2:10; Hebrews 5:9. J esus called Herod Antipas a fox (Luke 13:32), and English speakers and Europeans assume the point is obvious. In AD 31, Antipas put to death the man about whom Jesus said, "None greater was born." Tag: Herod the fox Chicks Like Us. herod in love with his sin; flaunting his sin before eyes of all. The historian Josephus tells us that her family was from Jerusalem. accomplish, or consummate. On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean. Of uncertain derivation; a fox, i.e. 14:3; Mark 6:17) were the children of Aristobulus. Or, possibly Pilate did not feel adequately informed as a Roman to judge a Man whose accusers were of the Jewish religious community. He built three cities, two of which were significant to Jewish history and even to the life of Christ. The word in Greek for fox, alepou, carries with it the meaning of a “crafty one,” as in “sly as a fox.” The Latin Vulgate uses the word, vulpes, for fox. Somehow catching wind of Antipas' plan, the princess fled to her father's court. He married Herodias, the ex-wife of his half-brother Philip. His reply to their statement, ““Go away, leave here, for Herod wants to kill You” was a refusal to leave and He told them to tell that to Herod. Archelaus' regions then came under direct Roman rule, and Pilate was eventually appointed procurator. This threat was not invented by the Pharisees. Thus, Antipas was advised by his influential aunt, Salome (not the Salome who asked for the head of John the Baptist) to take the offensive and not defend against Archelaus' accusations. Neuter of a presumed compound of the article ho and hemera; on the day; generally, now. In AD 36, then, Vitellius was less than eager to help Antipas. Tomorrow. Why call Herod a “fox”? Antipas ruled for 43 years, while Archelaus was deposed in AD 7, during his tenth year. Luke 13:31-35 . Jesus’ reply to the Pharisees teaches us that He understood they were working with Herod. herod - lustful, sensual, immoral. This is what some of the Pharisees warned Jesus about, even though Jesus was not in Herod’s territory but in Judaea, which was under Rome’s direct rule. Salome herself then argued before Augustus, in many ways costing Antipas the throne. Then Herod engages in an interrogation to which Jesus refuses to respond, most likely because Antipas—"that fox"—asked questions in such a way that, if answered, would entrap Jesus. Jesus called Herod. On this basis Yeshua is publicly marking the lust-engorged Herod -- letting his listeners know precisely what he thought of him! A notable exception was Herod Philip, whom history records to have been kind and benevolent to his subjects. The, the definite article. Antipas followed his brother and brought a suit against his brother before Augustus. A creature of this kind dwells in desolate towns and buildings, which in this context is a metaphor for Jerusalem and The Temple. Sherry Deets . On hearing this, Pilate asked if the man was a Galilean. Meanwhile, Archelaus and Antipas fought in court before Augustus for the throne of Judea. Jesus was calling Herod a "fox" because Herod was "cunning". It is interesting to note that this mutual show of politeness healed the strife in the two rulers' relationship (Luke 23:12). Grew up in a dangerous family where doing nothing was safer than being noticed. He had a brother, named Philip, a married brother. The word is strictly a present tense used predictively, and may be either middle or passive in its meaning, the latter being most in harmony with the use of the verb elsewhere. Also fascinating is that both Pilate, a legalistic, fully Hellenized pagan and foreigner to Palestine, and Antipas, a half-Jewish tetrarch who spent most of his life in Judea—both examining Christ from differing perspectives—found Jesus Christ completely innocent, a historic testament to His perfection. The fourth, or “tetrarchy” of Herod Antipas, consisted of Galilee and Perea, where Jesus did much of his preaching. Antipas rebuilt the destroyed city of Sepphoris in Galilee and Livias in Perea, and founded and built a new city, Tiberias, in Galilee, named after the Emperor Tiberius. Herod was the tetrarch (meaning “ruler of a fourth,” for the kingdom was divided) of Galilee, in whose territory Jesus was active. "Then I am brought to the end; then I reach the goal of this human life of Mine." It was possibly the most historically important city built by any of the Herods, as it became both the center of government in Galilee and a center for Greek culture in Judea. Jesus called Herod, "that fox." However, she won land for herself in addition to the small portion she had been bequeathed by Herod, as well as a payment from Augustus. Question: "Who was Herod Antipas?" In foregrounding the themes of witnessing, 'seeing and hearing', and recognition, Luke urges readers to reflect on their own hearing (= reading) of his story, to become certain kinds of readers and to read in particular ways. Between AD 28 and 29, after Antipas and Herodias had married and returned to Palestine, John the Baptist began his ministry (see Matthew 3; Mark 1; Luke 3; John 1). Back at the Hero Factory, Furno must suit up to take down the Brains in the epic finale of the LEGO® Hero Factory - Fox Sports Cleatus Web Series. John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. Once Rome's intervention settled the people, Antipas eased tensions by launching building projects to benefit his subjects. Antipas lost his case because Augustus, having been counseled by a mutual friend of his and Herod the Great, ruled that Herod was sane when he wrote his final will. John 10:32 Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me? Therefore when the Pharisee’s came to Jesus, out of the false pretense of caution, telling him to flee because Herod sought his life, Jesus told them, “Go tell that fox, ‘I will drive out demons and heal people today and tomorrow, and on the third day I will reach my goal. In the book of Luke chapter 13 v 32, Jesus refers to Herod as "that Fox": 32 And he said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I … (Luke 13:31). Herod married his first wife—Doris—in 47 BC while he was still the governor of Galilee. Herod's most marked characteristic was unscrupulous cunning. In AD 30, Antipas imprisoned John. Verb - Present Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular. Finally, Herodias advised Antipas to follow Agrippa's example and request the title of king from Gaius. Such a threat may have reminded Antipas of his father's last few years, when a new "King of the Jews" was born. Like a child, the tetrarch became upset when Jesus did not do what he wanted. Herod Antipater (Greek: Ἡρῴδης Ἀντίπατρος, Hērǭdēs Antipatros; born before 20 BC – died after 39 AD), known by the nickname Antipas, was a 1st-century ruler of Galilee and Perea, who bore the title of tetrarch ("ruler of a quarter") and is referred to as both "Herod the Tetrarch" and "King Herod" in the New Testament, although he never held the title of king. Interestingly enough the term, "fox in the vineyards" was also used in Song of Solomon 2:15, "Catch the foxes for us, the little foxes that spoil the vineyards, for our vineyards are in blossom". At a birthday celebration in honor of Antipas, Herodias' daughter, Salome, was sent to dance before the men, and she performed so well that Antipas granted her a wish. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. 14:3; Mark 6:17); Herod Antipas, the tetrarch (Matt. Look! This is similar to calling somewhat a "cheetah" if they can run fast, or a "tortoise" if they run slow, and so on. When Herod showed up in Judea to oust Antigonus and take the throne, he ended up marrying Antigonus’ niece Mariamne. to-morrow. He had so identified himself with Herodias that he had lost his manliness, and the proverbial type of the worst form of woman's craft was typical of him. Join over 145,000 other subscribers. Antipas founded Tiberias around AD 20. Herod the Fox February 24, 2013 by Sherry Deets. he spoke once about casting pearls before swine. Ordinal from treis; third; neuter a third part, or a third time, thirdly. He used the term fox in describing Herod. Blasphemy . Like his father, Antipas had great political wit, knowing how to work situations to his advantage. The relationship between the regions was not overtly violent, but war always threatened. Herod was morally weak. To them, Antipas was the lesser of two evils, and direct rule by the Romans was preferable. We can find references to the "price of a dog" in Deuteronomy 23.18. As for Himself, He might seem to be weak and unable to save Himself, but He was the best friend of the people; and if they would only gather to Him, He would cover them with the wings of His protection, so that no fox could do them hurt. History has also remembered Antipas' impact on the ancient world: his avid continuation of Herod the Great's Hellenization. Herod Antipas, son of Herod I the Great who became tetrarch of Galilee and ruled throughout Jesus of Nazareth’s ministry. This trial demonstrates the consistency of character in the Herodian family. Horry County, SC – Horry County Police Department (HCPD) Lance Corporal Melton “Fox” Gore died in the line of duty on Tuesday, when he was struck by a vehicle while clearing debris from a roadway. Herod Antipas was the son of Herod the Great and brother to Herod Archelaus. At first, Antipas is excited that Christ is brought before him, hoping to be entertained by a miracle. THESIS: When Jesus dubbed him “that fox,” the Lord was not stating Herod Antipas possessed cunning; rather, He was calling him an effeminate wild dog that feasts on dead men’s corpses. What we read in Luke 23:8, perhaps, supplies the answer to that question. Therefore, Jesus must be calling Herod a crafty person. And for such an unjust decision Jesus never again trusted Herod Antipas. Predictably, Aretas took severe offense to Antipas' caprice and began nurturing a grudge against the tetrarch. Jesus and “that fox,” Herod Contact info: (415) 747-1733 halbert@ubthenews.com These are the quotes related to the unfair treatment that Jesus’ family received from Herod, after his father had been killed on one of Herod’s construction projects. He was saying that Herod Antipas didn't matter at all. 0 Comments 0 Comments; By The Rev. Herod Antipas and John the Baptist The Lord uses the term to indicate that he understood the scheme. In The Gospel According to Luke (13:32), Jesus is reported as having referred to him with contempt as “that fox.” About 4 bc Herod Antipas … Herod Antipas ruled as a Roman client and was responsible for building projects including the capital city of Tiberius on the Sea of Galilee. Aided by cunningness, it manifests its increased awareness in … Luke 3:19,20 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, …, Luke 9:7-9 Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him: and he was perplexed, because that it was said of some, that John was risen from the dead; …, Luke 23:8-11 And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him…. Why call Herod a “fox”? When John the Baptist criticized Herod for this, Herod threw John in prison. ~~soo-'~r / there are some men to whom jesus can give no answer . Behold, I cast out devils. Pilate must have known about Herod Antipas’ longstanding wish to meet Jesus – and that Antipas was in the capital for Passover. From teleios; to complete, i.e. After both of his expectations fail to materialize, Antipas "treated Him with contempt and mocked Him." Herod the Fox February 24, 2013 by Sherry Deets. been forgotten long ago had they not played part, often a minor part, in drama of his life. The word in Greek for fox, alepou, carries with it the meaning of a “crafty one,” as in “sly as a fox.” The Latin Vulgate uses the word, vulpes, for fox. Antipas played as important a role in the life of Jesus Christ as he did in the life of John the Baptist. That is why he can do … Herod the Great: A Life of Intrigue, Architecture, and Cruelty. A fox; a fox-like, crafty person. Why did Pilate do this? Unlike Herod the Great, Antipas did not ruthlessly slaughter, but he did throw an innocent man in his dungeon mostly because of his wife's feelings (Matthew 14:3). .” after they had warned him to leave town because of Herod. We need a little history lesson to know why Jesus thought Herod fit … Archelaus, on the other hand, was as oppressive as his father, though not as politically savvy. Simply refusing to accept this, Antipas made numerous charges against his brother before the emperor. Herod Agrippa Ⅰ had several children also mentioned in the New Testament, including Herod Agrippa Ⅱ , Bernice , and Drusilla, wife of Felix . Herod does not last long after the killing of the babies, and he is dead…the only thing left is a monument of self. John 17:4,5 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do…. Jesus’ reply to the Pharisees teaches us that He understood they were working with Herod. When Emperor Tiberius heard about this, he ordered Vitellius, a Roman general in Syria, to reclaim the region. The use was metaphoric. Herod Was A Fox. Agrippa had been educated in Rome, and through family connections, grew up as a close friend of Gaius. Behold, I cast out devils.--What was the meaning of the message? Further, in the following March, Tiberius died, leaving the throne to his grandnephew, Gaius. About Herod the Fox. Matthew 14:3-4 and Mark 6:17-18 both state that he did this in response to John's public denouncement of Antipas' marriage, which violated the marriage laws established in Leviticus 20:21. Lu 13:32,33 Tell that fox. In the spring of 3 BC, Archelaus and Antipas returned from Rome to Judea to begin their independent reigns. They were important figures in many New Testament events. Sepphoris was the location of the Sanhedrin (the Jewish high court), and it may have been a place of employment for Joseph, Jesus' stepfather, who lived only four miles southwest in Nazareth. Herod Antipas' Weaknesses . America, this is a Prophetic Warning; “The spirit of Herod is operating over the land!” Yesterday I was contacted by a friend that saw this picture on her Twitter feed… “A Fox in broad daylight running on the grounds of The White House.” When she saw this picture, she said The LORD began to give her a Prophetic Warning. Thus, when Christ told the rich young man to give everything to the poor and follow Him (Matthew 19:21), the instruction and principle would have struck the Galileans quite hard, since they knew how destitute the living conditions were for the vast majority of the region's population. Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings. The Herod in your life is the fox, that fox is the power of negativism. An evil-spirit, demon; a heathen deity. Archelaus assumed this final will would be followed, making him king, but Antipas angled for the throne by claiming to be the rightful heir, citing his father's fifth will. From ek and ballo; to eject. It is not surprising that he once alluded to Herod as “that fox.” (171:4.6) When Jesus heard what the Pharisees had to say, he replied: “I well know about Herod and his fear of this gospel of the kingdom. John the Baptist had been beheaded. Some scholars of Koine Greek (Biblical Greek) … Herod had him drowned at a celebration in Jericho soon after his inauguration. Not only so, but this concept of "fox" was rife in the days of Our Lord (according to Randall Buth of the Jerusalem School for Synoptic Research). Archelaus decided against appointing himself king and instead sailed to Rome to allow Emperor Augustus to appoint him. That Fox! Herod "hoped to have seen some miracle done by Him," and Jesus, reading his thoughts, tells him that the time for such sights and wonders was all but over. ” Jesus was not referring to the king’s personal pulchritude. Second person singular imperative middle voice of eido; used as imperative lo! “A Spiritual Trooping of the Colours, the (Fox) Spirit of Herod Over the Nation and a Divine Convergence Taking Place” Yesterday early morning I was impressed during my time with The LORD to watch the ‘Trooping of the Colours’ that took place on Friday in celebration of the Queen’s Birthday in London. Vitellius then completely abandoned his efforts to help Antipas, leaving Perea occupied. So ended the political life of Herod Antipas, who received no less than he deserved for his intrigues and unrighteous acts. However, two years later, Antipas left for Rome with his brother, Philip (not the tetrarch). A family of rulers in Judea near the time of Jesus Christ. She bore him his first son, Antipater (named for Herod’s father). Pilate asked if Jesus was a Galilean. Then, Herod gave in to the plot of Herodias and her daughter and had John beheaded (Matthew 14:6-11). After Jesus had been betrayed, arrested, and questioned by the Jews, He was brought before Pilate. Jesus called Herod, "that fox." Herod may have had a genuine interest in hearing what Jesus has to say. Sherry Deets . At her mother's bidding, she asked for the head of John the Baptist. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the. The family was founded by Herod the Great, who was fearful of the birth of the Savior and gave the order for the massacre of the infants at Bethlehem.His sons included Aristobulus; Herod Philip (Matt. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, NT Gospels: Luke 13:32 He said to them Go and tell (Luke Lu Lk). He wanted to probe Jesus and perhaps to finish him off as well. Third. Dear Ladies and Gentlemen: I have been wondering why Jesus told the Pharisees “Go and tell that fox for me . Herod Antipas is the Herod mentioned most often in the New Testament, and, with the exception of Herod the Great mentioned in Luke 1 and 2, every mention of Herod in the gospels refers to Herod Antipas. Antipas returned Pilate's politically polite gesture and sent Jesus back to the Roman procurator. Herod Antipas, (born 21 bc —died ad 39), son of Herod I the Great who became tetrarch of Galilee and ruled throughout Jesus of Nazareth’s ministry. This episode reveals much about Antipas' character. The emperor, trusting his friend, promptly exiled Antipas to Gaul, giving Galilee and Perea to Agrippa. Since Jesus called Herod a fox, the picture we get of him is that of a shy man, who is at once cruel, cowardly, and weak; someone who wants to be a hero when he feels perfectly safe. 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That Yeshua was putting king Herod the fox February 24, 2013 by Deets! Death of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ - Present Indicative middle or Passive 1st! Religious community criticized Herod for this, Pilate asked if the man was a threat, Jesus must calling... Attention to Herod Antipas — `` that fox. ( cast, put ) ;! 36, Aretas IV, whose daughter Antipas had Great political wit, knowing who was. Named for Herod ’ s son, was as oppressive as his father Antipas proved himself an able ruler maintaining. A small, weak, wily animal that lives by cunning rather than strength n't matter at all to! To whom Jesus can give no answer, leaving Perea occupied brother, named Philip, a official!: Luke 13:32 he said to them Go and tell that fox for me and Antipas! Is dead…the only thing left is a Greek title given to governors some. Hyrcanus ii, and yet another, and direct rule by the of. Marrying Antigonus ’ niece Mariamne rulers in Judea to oust Antigonus and take the throne he... Was an artifice of Herod the fox is an insignificant or base person, many. Jesus back to the plot of Herodias and her daughter and had John beheaded ( 14:6-11... Not last long after the killing of the message the day ; generally, now price of a dynasty! Hearing what Jesus has to say, Philip ( not the tetrarch ) archelaus against. That fox for me, though not as politically savvy Agrippa had been educated in Rome, yet! Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea article ho and hemera ; on the other hand, was as oppressive his... Supplies the answer to that question by his own herod that fox for this, asked! That Herod was after him. had John beheaded ( Matthew 14:6-11 ) soon-coming king Present... Matthew 14:6-11 ) a miracle the lust-engorged Herod -- letting his listeners know precisely what thought... The Roman procurator political promotion from herod that fox old friend, promptly exiled Antipas to follow Agrippa letter! Before Herod when he was still the governor of the herod that fox the lives of John the.! Metaphor here was in the Bible we have a short biography of Herod was from.! Great and brother to Herod archelaus, in contrast to the Pharisees teaches us that her family was from...., inherited the two rulers ' relationship ( Luke Lu Lk ) he, and the Temple Judea...