Baltimore was a particularly secession-sympathetic city; Abraham Lincoln received only 1,100 of more than 30,000 votes cast for president in 1860. One of the militia captains was John Merryman, who was arrested without a writ of habeas corpus one month later, sparking the case of Ex-Parte Merryman. A teenager from D.C. named Martin Throop was shot in the head and shoulder and cut with a knife in the arm. Each had lobbied hard, and supporters turned out in droves, only to encounter drunken partisans who harassed and fought their opponents. Please get in touch. Reverse: “Baltimore 19th of April 1861” surrounding a wreath, and the monogram of Private Myron J. Newton in the center. Baltimore saw the first casualties of the war on April 19, 1861, when Union Soldiers en route from the President Street Station to Camden Yards clashed with a secessionist mob in the Pratt Street riot. Because a city law prohibited the passage of locomotives along busy thoroughfares, however, drivers had to use horses in teams of four to pull each car across town, where railroad workers then recoupled them to a B&O engine. Venable, for example, had optimistically proclaimed that he would be able to wipe away every drop of blood shed in the war with a handkerchief. Panicked by the situation, several soldiers fired into the mob, and chaos immediately ensued as a giant brawl began between the soldiers, the violent mob, and the Baltimore police. 6th Massachusetts Militia attacked in Baltimore 1861.jpg 4,547 × 3,190; 3.61 MB. There's no right time to do wrong - and - no wrong time to do right! 'tis the proud refrainThat baffles minions back again,Maryland!Arise in majesty again,Maryland! Over the next few years, the fighting continued, keeping the city locked in a semi-permanent state of war. An unknown Irishman was shot before falling into a dry goods store, where he died. The commandant at Fort McHenry boasted that he could lay shells on Washington Monument if need be. Click HERE or the logo above to visit their site. There were only a few muskets and no cannon. When the war was over, the history of the first battle of the Civil War was rewritten to suggest it was but a spontaneous riot of outraged citizens with our politicians as the heroes, instead of the true heroes who were the men of the Fighting 6th Massachusetts Volunteers, who fought their way across Baltimore with their flag still flying, two hundred and twenty-eight brave men against a mob of ten thousand. Although his brain protruded from the wound, he managed to survive for five days before dying. She burns! The authorities…did their best to day [sic] to protect both strangers and citizens and to prevent a collision, but [in] vain….it is my solemn duty to inform you that it is not possible for more soldiers to pass through Baltimore unless they fight their way at every step.”. It was another thread in the seemingly endless tangle of problems facing the embattled U.S. president. Anarchy is Anarchy is Anarchy. Four soldiers were killed in what has since become known as, "The Pratt Street Riots," "The Baltimore Riots of 1861" or, "The Pratt Street Massacre." Lincoln rerouted troops through Union-friendly Annapolis at first. My Maryland! The Sun remarked that the wound was “painful but not dangerous.” By early evening, the Americans had won the battle, which culminated in the group breaking off the doors of the New Market engine house. The calm wouldn’t last. Frederick Tollet, a German, took a ball under his left jaw, but it was only a flesh wound and easily removed. for thy dalliance does thee wrong,Maryland!Come to thine own anointed throng,Stalking with Liberty along,And sing thy dauntless slogan song,Maryland! Victor Fleming, film director (The Wizard of Oz, Gone With the Wind). Baltimore Riot (April 19, 1861) A clash between pro-South civilians and Union troops in Maryland's largest city resulted in what is commonly accepted to be the first bloodshed of the Civil War. Fearful that a September session of the State Legislature might show secession sentiment, Federal authorities; went even further in their efforts to assure the election of Union sympathizers. “You seem much agitated,” remarked the mariner. At the time, the slave states of Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas had not yet seceded from the U.S. Charles Pendergast, a shipping agent who profited handsomely from transport between Baltimore and South Carolina’s Charleston Harbor, handed dockworkers crowbars and pickaxes with orders to pry the rails from the cobblestones and put the road out of commission. “The regiment will march through Baltimore in column of sections, arms at will,” he announced. But the journey’s romance soured for the new troops as their train neared Baltimore. you Plug Uglies, now root hog or die. The commandant at Fort McHenry boasted that he could lay shells on Washington Monument if need be. It was now clear that a long and bloody conflict lay ahead. Quartermaster James Munroe issued each man aboard the train 20 rounds of ball cartridges in preparation for their arrival at the Baltimore station. From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, in Baltimore, Maryland. Part of the song goes as follows: The Morning after the Election, November 1856, by John Childs and John Magee. Tell me somebody I know in Philadelphia, or I will kill you,” still holding the pistol to his face. Back at Pratt Street, an orgy of destruction unfolded. Like an old movie western showdown, people fled the area as neighborhood residents locked up their homes and businesses. Virginia's preparedness was equally feeble and that Stale could have offered Maryland little help. He coolly stepped out of line, ripped down the flag and shoved it under his coat, then rejoined the march as though nothing had happened. No one was safe. However, the mob followed the soldiers, breaking store windows and causing damage until they finally blocked the soldiers. It generally refers to the Baltimore Riot of 1861 (also known as the "Pratt Street Riots"), where a mob of Confederate Southern sympathizers attacked newly raised Union state militia troops transiting through the town on April 18–19, 1861 in some of the first bloodshed of the … Martin Wooden was shot in the groin. She spurns the Northern scum!She breathes! The soldiers pressed on while onlookers pelted them with anything they could throw. The volunteer fire companies had already been dismantled and replaced with a new paid system “under the direct management and control of the municipal authorities”—an ordinance that Swann supported. The mayor, city council, and police commissioner, who were pro-South and seemingly incompetent at maintaining order in the situation, were arrested and imprisoned at Fort McHenry. Besides election-day fighting, the gang was involved in several assassinations and shootings in Baltimore. On April 19, 1861, an angry mob with pro-secessionist intentions attacked US Army troops on the streets of Baltimore, an event known as The Baltimore Riot of 1861, or alternately as The Pratt Street Riot or even the more dramatic Pratt Street Massacre. In addition to being physically between the two sides, Marylanddepended equally on the North and the South for its economy. [ William Edward Burghardt ] Du Bois, U.S. historian and Civil rights leader, founder of Chesapeake. 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