Although he monetarily supported Marie-Ange and made her the principal beneficiary of his will, he never revealed his paternity to her, preferring to be known as her godfather. His father, Emile Poulenc, born in 1855, is an industrialist from the Aveyron region who, with his two brothers, runs a chemical factory. While his earlier works were all light-hearted, from 1931 onwards, one could see a shift in his style. After being demobilized in 1940, Francis Poulenc returned home to write ‘L'Histoire de Babar, le petit éléphant’, ‘Cello Sonata’, ‘Les Animaux modèles’ and ‘Banalités’. He wrote a few more pieces; but they got either lost or destroyed. “You have changed my life, you are the sunshine of my thirty years, a reason for living and for working.” This is how Francis Poulenc openly inscribed the score to his Concert champêtre, a work that is dedicated to the painter Richard Chanlaire. Thereafter, Poulenc met Louis Gautier, who helped him revive his spirits. He finished it sometime in 1928, and it was premiered on May 3, 1929 at the Salle Pleyel in Paris under the baton of Pierre Monteux, with Landowska playing the solo part. After he came out of his battle against depression, he began to write music once again. Later he studied with Ricardo Vines, a friend of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel who had played the first performances of much of their piano music. Émile and his two brothers were joint owners of Poulenc Frères, a successful manufacturer of industrial chemicals. In 1934 Poulenc appeared as piano accompanist to the baritone Pierre Bernac in the first of many recitals over several years, an experience that deepened his understanding of the song as an art form. Figure humaine (performed 1945), a cantata based on poems by Éluard, voiced the spirit of the resistance and was secretly printed during the Nazi occupation. While writing both vocal and instrumental music, he reached another landmark in his career when his ‘Sonata for clarinet and bassoon’ became one of the first musical pieces to be broadcast on television in 1932. Concurrently, he also continued to write light musical pieces like ‘Tel jour, telle nuit’, a song cycle based on the poems of the surrealist poet Paul Éluard. Francis Poulenc, (born Jan. 7, 1899, Paris, France—died Jan. 30, 1963, Paris), composer who made an important contribution to French music in the decades after World War I and whose songs are considered among the best composed during the 20th century. Versatile composer whose works included art song, solo piano, chamber, oratorio, choral, opera, ballet, and orchestral. Francis Poulenc (1899–1963) first sprang to the attention of Parisian musical circles as a member of ‘Les Six’, so named by the critic Henri Collet. George R. Keck traces events in Poulenc's life and offers a list of works and performances with the primary focus on those facts … He was a member of a pious Roman Catholic family from Espalion in the département of Aveyron. The relation between them was rather complex, with paternal feelings being part of the equation. Published: 1945 (age 45-46) Revised: 1939 (age 39-40) Dedication: à Georges Salles. Francis Poulenc height 3 Feet 9 Inches (Approx) & weight 335 lbs (151.9 kg) (Approx.). Poulenc’s mother Jenny née Royer came from a long line of Parisian craftsmen and naturally had an artistic inclination. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Among his first compositions were Rapsodie nègre (1917) for voice and ensemble, Trois mouvements perpétuels (1918) for piano, and a … As the 1920s progressed, he continued to churn out music, composing song cycles ‘Poèmes de Ronsard’ in 1924 and ‘Chansons gaillardes’ in 1926. He composed his song cycles Poèmes de Ronsard and Chansons gaillardes in 1924 and 1926. Died: January 30, 1963 - Paris, France. Francis Poulenc was born on Jan. 7, 1899, in Paris, France. Jenny Poulenc was from a Parisian family with wide artistic interests. In the postwar period, his military duties became lighter, giving him enough time to compose music. Corrections? In the same year, the violent death of his fellow composer Pierre-Octave Ferroud reawakened his religious faith, prompting him to contemplate the frailty of human life. He made his debut at the age of 18 and became independently wealthy and famous by the time he was in his mid-20s. Poulenc. Francis Poulenc's measurements, clothes & shoes size is being updated soon or you can click edit button to update Francis Poulenc's height and other parameters. He was born in France towards the end of the 19th century into a well-to-do family. In 1907, he was first exposed to contemporary music when he heard Claude Debussy’s ‘Danse sacrée et danse profane’. He was famous for being a Composer. Émile Poulenc was a joint owner of Poulenc Frères, a successful manufacturer of pharmaceuticals (later Rhône-Poulenc). This disc is an anthology of feminine verse and childlike wonder. Despite this, he proposed to his friend Raymonde Linossier, who rejected his proposal. Poulenc started performing regularly with Pierre Bernac in 1936. He served as a typist for the air force before he was released in January 1921. Since both his parents were passionate about music, musical soirees were a regular occurrence at their home. His second lover was a bisexual man called Raymond Destouches, whom he met in the early 1930s. Other widely performed works by Poulenc were the Sextet for piano and wind quintet (1930–32), Organ Concerto (1938), and Oboe Sonata (1962). Satie formed the ‘Group of Six’ or ‘Les Six’ in 1919. On 30 January 1963, Poulenc suffered a fatal heart attack and died in his home near Jardin du Luxembourg. Francis Poulenc was widely known as a homosexual. Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc was a noted French composer and pianist who was known for his mélodies, operas, choral pieces, piano works and ballets. Francis Poulenc is 64 years old. Later he studied with Ricardo Vines, a friend of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel who had played the first performances of much of their piano music. His opera Les dialogues des Carmélites (1953–56, libretto by Georges Bernanos) is considered one of the finest operas of the 20th century. Written for double mixed choir of 12 voices, its English version was premiered in London in 1945, before being performed in French in Brussels in 1946 and Paris in 1947. But due to his father’s opposition, he could not join the Paris Conservatory; and instead, he started taking lessons from Ricardo Viñes. While his earlier works were light-hearted, he now wrote a number of somber pieces, composing many scores based on liturgy and religious themes. His mother was a fine pianist, and Francis began lessons at the age of 5. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As a homosexual musician, he was in a vulnerable position; and yet, he showed his defiance to the German occupation through his music. The piece, played by Reginald Kell and Gilbert Vinter, was broadcast by BBC. The piece was premiered on April 10 by Ricardo Viñes in the Paris Conservatory. Concurrently, he continued to write music, completing ‘Dialogues des Carmélite’ in 1956. Francis Poulenc was born on the 7th of January, 1899. Like many of his keyboard works, it mingles the light, urbane character of 18th-century French keyboard music with 20th-century harmonies. Émile was also passionate about art and music. Concert champetre, FP 49 In 1918, while stationed at Saint-Martin-sur-le-Pré, he composed ‘Trois Mouvements Perpétuels’ and ‘Sonata for Piano Duet’, using the piano of a local elementary school. He was discharged from the army on 18 July 1940. Why does Francis Poulenc come, for many, so far down the roll of honour of 20th-century French composers, below Debussy, below Ravel, below Messiaen, perhaps even below Fauré and Boulez? Sometime between 1914 and 1918, he met avant-garde poets like Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Paul Éluard, Louis Aragon; and composers like Georges Auric, Erik Satie and Darius Milhaud. The work is based on the play of the same name by Jean Cocteau, who, along with French soprano Denise Duval, worked closely with Poulenc in preparation for the opera's premiere. However, his style changed remarkably. His last works are thought to be 'Sonate pour hautbois et piano de Poulenc' (Oboe Sonata) and 'Sonate pour clarinette et piano' (Clarinet Sonata), both written in 1962. He composed music in many different forms: song, chamber music, oratorio, opera, ballet music and orchestral music. His father, Emile Poulenc, and his two brothers headed a chemical-pharmaceutical plant. The other unique source is Poulenc’s diary (JdmM), in which one can find data on the origins of the songs, interesting facts, technical and performance advice, and private reflections. But within even his jokiest music--particularly that written after World War II, when Poulenc … He was one of the group of six composers who became known as Les Six. She was a gifted amateur pianist who idolized Mozart, Schubert and Chopin. His ballet Les Biches (English title The Houseparty) was produced by Serge Diaghilev in 1924. His first serious relationship was with painter Richard Chanlaire, to whom he wrote on his Concert champêtre score: "You have changed my life, you are the sunshine of my thirty years, a reason for living & working". He also loved ‘Die Winterreise’ by Schubert and ‘Three Piano Pieces’ by Schönberg. Until then, his interest in music was mainly amateurish. Francis Poulenc, Marcel Moyse, Roland Lamorlette, Louis Cahuzac, Gustave Dhérin, R. Blot . He is known for composing operas, choral music, piano music and chamber music, especially a number of sonatas for various string, woodwind and brass instruments with piano. French composer Francis Poulenc (1899-1963) Example: Clarinet Sonata (excerpt) 3’05” Francis Poulenc is one of the best- known French composers of the Modern period. The brilliant French composer, Francis (Jean Marcel) Poulenc, was born into a wealthy family of pharmaceutical manufacturers. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) Tchaikovsky was born in Votkinsk, a small town in the … His father Émile Poulenc was a Roman Catholic from Espalion. One of his major works was ‘Aubade’, a choreographic concerto for piano and 18 instruments. On the same evening, he reached the sanctuary of Rocamadour and started writing ‘Litanies à la Vierge noire’, a sacred music for a three-part choir of women with organ accompaniment. In 1937, he wrote his first major liturgical work ‘Mass in G major for soprano and mixed choir a cappella’. The same year saw him writing three more songs; 'Trois poèmes de Louise Lalanne', 'Quatre poèmes de Guillaume Apollinaire' and 'Cinq poèmes de Max Jacob'. In February 1919, Poulenc’s composition ‘Trois Mouvements Perpétuels’ was performed by Ricardo Viñes and became quite popular, making the young pianist justly famous. His mother, Jenny Royer, is from a family of artisans whose Parisian roots date back several generations. His songs, which range from parody to tragedy, are admired for their lyricism and for their sensitive integration of vocal line and accompaniment. In 1945, he visited England and completed an opéra bouffe called ‘Les mamelles de Tirésias’. It was based on a play written by Guillaume Apollinaire and was premiered in Paris on 3 June 1947. Composed in 1929 as a ballet, it was also premiered as a ballet on June 18. Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet. In the 1920s he began an affair with the painter Richard Chanlaire which lasted until 1931. In 1930, Francis Poulenc returned to writing music. In 1920 the critic Henri Collet grouped Poulenc with five other young French composers, calling them “Les Six.” The others were Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Georges Auric, Germaine Tailleferre, and Louis Durey; although they reacted in the same way to the emotionalism of 19th-century Romantic music and the Impressionism of Claude Debussy, they were in fact united by friendship more than by aesthetic ideals. Intoxicated by the music he had just heard, he started pestering his teacher to let him play more of Debussy, unaware of the fact that they were much too difficult for him. Born: Jan 7, 1899 Died: Jan 30, 1963 Five facts: • Poulenc was born into a rich family of pharmaceutical manufacturers. Francis Poulenc was born in Paris to a family that was artistic, musical, and affluent. As a child he learned music from other members of his wealthy family. He went on his first tour to the USA in 1948 and continued returning to that country until 1961. Francis Poulenc was born in France on January 7, 1899. His mother was a fine pianist, and Francis began lessons at the age of 5. Francis Poulenc was born to a well-to-do family in Paris on January 7, 1899. He was buried at Père Lachaise Cemetery, where his grave continues to be an attraction for the music lovers. With the onset of the Second World War, he was conscripted into the army on 2 June 1940, serving in an anti-aircraft unit at Bordeaux. This was followed by a number of works that reflected his newfound solemnity. Through him, the young composer made the acquaintance of many luminaries of Paris’s artistic world—including the influential yet mysterious Erik Satie.Poulenc became a part of the group known as “Les Six”—six more or less like-minded composers, … In Poulenc's view, the two sides of his nature grew ou… He continued to write almost until the end of his life. Jenny Poulenc, Francis’s mother, who sang and played the piano, arranged for him to have piano lessons when he was five. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In January 1918, during the First World War, Poulenc was conscripted in the French Army. Cherished as a masterpiece by critics, the composition is believed to be his best work. In the same year, he completed ‘Le Bestiaire’, a song cycle based on Guillaume Apollinaire’s poem; and ‘Cocardes’, inspired from Jean Cocteau’s works. His mother, an amateur pianist, taught him to play, and music formed a part of family life. Émile was also passionate about art … Francis Poulenc: A Bio-Bibliography is a thorough presentation of the works of this often performed and critically appreciated 20th-century composer. Who is Francis Poulenc Dating? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. His music is easy to enjoy at first hearing: it is much simpler than the music of many other … Omissions? All of them had tremendous influence on his creativity; but according Poulenc, Satie’s influence on him was “immediate and wide”. Premiered in January 1924 in Monte Carlo and in May in Paris, it was an instant success, becoming one of his best-known works. He composed music in many different forms: song, chamber music, oratorio, opera, ballet music and orchestral music. The affair that lasted for six years ended in 1955, throwing Poulenc into a nervous breakdown. Poulenc went on his first tour to Great Britain with Bernac in 1938. 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